[Episode 14 | 1878 : Henry]
Henry and his friend Franklin experiment with a hot air balloon. After blowing up his schoolhouse with an experimental self-lighting candle, Henry is expelled from school. He goes to work in his uncle's saddlery.
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Many children worked in the 1870s and this clip shows both Henry and Franklin working for their respective families. In the late 19th century, laws about when and how long children could work were very different to today. In this clip, the children are shown counting out repetitive tasks, showing the menial nature of some types of manual work that children were expected to perform.
Student Activity Sheet H14.2: Children at work
Henry is expelled for blowing up his school after miscalculating the strength of one of his inventions. His school, typical of public education of the times, is portrayed as a small one-room building with only one teacher. While Henry attends school, his Chinese friend, Franklin, works for his father and does not receive a formal education.
Student Activity Sheet H14.1: School